The basics of heart anatomy

The human heart is an amazing organ. It is about the size of a fist and is located in the chest cavity, just behind the sternum. The heart is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body and is essential for maintaining life.

Simple heart model:

The heart has four chambers: the left and right atria and the left and right ventricles. The atria are the smaller, upper chambers of the heart, while the ventricles are the larger, lower chambers.

Blood from the body enters the right atrium and is then pumped into the right ventricle, which sends it to the lungs to be oxygenated. Oxygenated blood returns to the left atrium and is then pumped into the left ventricle, which sends it out to the rest of the body.

The heart has its own electrical system, which helps to coordinate the contractions of the heart muscle and ensure that blood is pumped efficiently. This electrical system is made up of specialized cells called pacemaker cells, which send out electrical impulses that cause the heart muscle to contract.

The heart is a vital organ and is essential for maintaining life. It is important to take care of your heart by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and not smoking. By taking care of your heart, you can help to ensure that it stays healthy and strong for many years to come.

Photo by Andrea Piacquadio on
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